Althusser, Louis

(1918-1990)
   philosopher
   Best known for his views concerning the origin and developments of the theories of Karl Marx, Louis Althusser was born in Birmandreis, Algeria. A professor at the École Normale Supérieure, Althusser, in his many writings, proposed a traditional scientific reading of Marx, particularly of Capital, in place of the "ideologic" reading of the evolution and influence of that philosopher's theories. He viewed Marx's writings as consisting of two distinct stages— the early works of the humanistic and ideological young Marx, and a later, scientific phase, characterized by the revolutionary Capital. Between the two stages Althusser postulated an epistemological break, creating a more complex Marxian model. His most significant innovation regarding Marxism was his rejection of a strict economic determinism. He also posited that Marxism was not so much a moral philosophy as a humanistic science and, therefore, a purely theoretical doctrine. Althusser also defined the idea of an "ideological state apparatus." His principal writings include Pour Marx (1965), Lire le Capital (1965-68), Lénine et la philosophie (1969), and L'avenir dure longtemps, Journal de captivité (posthumous, 1994).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Althusser, Louis — (1918 90) One of the most original and influential of twentieth century Marxist social philosophers, Louis Althusser provoked a spectacular, but deeply controversial renewal of Marxist scholarship across a whole range of humanities and social… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Althusser, Louis — ▪ French scholar born October 16, 1918, Birmandreis, Algeria died October 22, 1990, near Paris, France       French philosopher who attained international renown in the 1960s for his attempt to fuse Marxism and structuralism.       Inducted into… …   Universalium

  • Althusser, Louis — (1918–1990)    A hugely influential French Marxist theorist, Althusser put forward an innovative structuralist reading of Karl Marx. He portrayed Marxism as a science, rejecting humanist interpretations of Marx, and promoting the view that there… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Althusser, Louis — (1918–1990) French Marxist, noted for dismissing the early work of Marx in favour of the later emphasis on dialectical materialism. This is seen through a structuralist filter, whereby interlocking combinations of political, economic, ideological …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Althusser, Louis — See Marxism ( …   History of philosophy

  • Althusser, Louis — ► (1918 90) Filósofo marxista francés. Aplicó un método estructuralista al análisis del pensamiento. Obras: Leer El Capital (1965) y Por Marx (1969), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Althusser, Louis —   (1918 1990)   see political economy of the sign …   The Baudrillard dictionary

  • Althusser — Althusser, Louis …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Althusser — Althusser, Louis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Althusser — Althusser, Louis …   Dictionary of sociology

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